Other government relatives. Decide for yourself if the Singapore government structure is based on meritocracy or nepotism in terms of clan and kinship.
PAP and spouses. As netizens say: "Marry-tocracy!"
Includes an overview of ministers' wives in organisations like the Girl Guides Association of Singapore.
PAP Relatives: Former and Current MPs.
In Russia, they have the oligarchs and China the Princelings. In Singapore, we have the Siblings.
A combined PAP family tree. Meritocracy, aristocracy, or government nepotism? You decide.
A Kwa family tree, showing some relatives of Kwa Geok Choo (Mrs. Lee Kuan Yew) along with the titles they held or hold.